Jesus and the Kingdom of God. Matthew. Matthew’s Jesus gives several more comparisons between the kingdom of heaven and earthly situations. In 13:33 he compares the kingdom of heaven to yeast that leavens flour in making bread. In 13: 37-38 he uses a farming metaphor. The Son of Man grows good seed; the field is the world; the good seed is the children of the kingdom. Later, in 13:43, he says the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their father. (Jesus was worshiped as a sun god by some heretics)……………………………………… In 16:13-19 Jesus asks his disciples to tell him who do they think he is. Some say a prophet, some say Elijah. But Peter said: “You are the Messiah and the Son of the Living God.” Jesus gives the keys to the kingdom of heaven to Peter and tells him whatever is bound on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever is loosed on earth will be loosed in heaven. This is the only place the word ‘church’ appears, (ekklesia in Greek) in the Gospels……………………………………… In 16:28 Jesus says: “Amen, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom (this doesn’t mean he will come back in clouds of glory anytime soon as 1st century Christians thought; it involves according to the CSB, the manifestation of his rule after his resurrection……………………………….. In 18:1-4 The disciples asked Jesus: “Who is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?” He called a child over and putting it in their midst, said:”Amen, I say to you, unless you turn and become like children, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven. Whoever humbles himself like this child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.” The child is held up as one who is supposedly innocent, but because he is completely dependent on his parents and trusts them. The CSB says this teaching to disciples is superfluous; Jesus has already made his point…………………………… In the Second Discourse, the Mission Discourse, (10:5-42) Jesus commissions the disciples to go out and preach the Gospel of the kingdom of God and heal. He teaches them how to cast out demons. Much of this part of the Gospel comes from Mark and Q. Jesus warned the disciples to expect opposition when they preached the gospel. Matthew’s emphasis on judgment goes hand in hand with his emphasis on good deeds. Living out the gospel should not be confused with mere noble aspirations and religious rhetoric. A tree is known by the fruit it produces (CSB)………………… In the book “The Four Gospels: A Guide to their Historical Background and Characteristic Differences” by William Stob, the author is interested in answering the question of why there are four gospels. According to Stob, the peculiar design and character of the gospels is rarely perceived even by those most familiar with their contents. Stob says the following fours are related to the earth: the compass points; the seasons; elements connected with the world (earth, air, fire and water); the 4th commandment (requires rest from earth’s labors); the 4th clause of the Lord’s Prayer (“Thy will be done on earth). Stob says it is fitting that the Holy Spirit should give us four gospels in which to set forth the earthly ministry of the Heavenly One.

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